This post explains how to wire up the UART and the mode pins. We need 5 connections between the Raspberry Pi and EByte E32, as well as a power and a ground.
Here is the wiring between the E32 and the Raspberry Pi. Please make sure the UART TX of the RPI is wired to the RX of the E32 and vice-versa.
|RPI Pin||RPI Desc||E32 Pin|
|GPIO23||General Purpose I/O 23||M0|
|GPIO24||General Purpose I/O 24||M1|
|GPIO18||General Purpose I/O 18||AUX|
|GPIO14 UART TX||/dev/ttyAMA0 TX||RX|
|GPIO15 UART RX||/dev/ttyAMA0 RX||TX|
Configuring the Serial Port
sudo raspi-config command we need to configure the serial port to be enabled but not be accessible for a login shell. If we enable the login shell it will break because interfacing with the
e32 requires a binary interface without the buffering and control required to interface over terminals.
Additional Required Serial Port Settings and Verification
Once the serial port is enabled on the Raspberry Pi we need our user that will run the program be in the correct Unix groups and to modify the
/dev/ttyAMA0 file to have group read permissions.
$ whoami pi $ groups # require dialout, tty, and gpio. Log out for it to take effect pi adm tty dialout cdrom sudo audio video plugdev games users input netdev gpio i2c spi $ ls -l /dev/ttyAMA0 # see that the dialout group can read crw-rw---- 1 root dialout 204, 64 Apr 6 11:53 /dev/ttyAMA0 $ stty -F /dev/ttyAMA0 -a speed 9600 baud; rows 0; columns 0; line = 0; intr = ^C; quit = ^\; erase = ^?; kill = ^U; eof = ^D; eol = <undef>; eol2 = <undef>; swtch = <undef>; start = ^Q; stop = ^S; susp = ^Z; rprnt = ^R; werase = ^W; lnext = ^V; discard = ^O; min = 0; time = 0; -parenb -parodd -cmspar cs8 hupcl -cstopb cread clocal -crtscts -ignbrk -brkint -ignpar -parmrk -inpck -istrip -inlcr -igncr -icrnl -ixon -ixoff -iuclc -ixany -imaxbel -iutf8 -opost -olcuc -ocrnl onlcr -onocr -onlret -ofill -ofdel nl0 cr0 tab0 bs0 vt0 ff0 -isig -icanon -iexten -echo echoe echok -echonl -noflsh -xcase -tostop -echoprt echoctl echoke -flusho -extproc $
Note, in the
stty command we are looking primarily for
rows 0; columns 0; line = 0;. The command line tool
e32 will modify the terminal for it’s needs. If you don’t have the baud rate at 9600 or all the other options don’t worry the
e32 command line tool will configure the terminal correctly and in
Raspberry Pi Receiver
Below is a picture of the Receiver using the Raspberry Pi. It has a little SSD1306 Display module displaying the quick brown fox on the OLED. These are stacks with a Raspberry Pi B+ in a case, a battery, a bread board and the components wired together using the breadboard.
Raspberry Pi Lora Receiver with E32
Side view of the receiver module.
Raspberry Pi Lora Transmitter with E32
The transmitter is simply a battery and the E32 wired directly to the RPi.
Side view of the transmitter.